Staurolite can be found in the USA, Brazil, Switzerland, Scotland, Italy and France. Staurolite has a tendency to “twin”, or have intergrown pairs of crystals. The staurolite crystal is often referred to as a "fairy stone" or a "fairy cross" by local residents due to its easily recognizable cross-like shape. Staurolite stones are found in Switzerland, Russia, Australia, Brazil and the USA. The rare staurolite stones are found elsewhere (such as in Russia or France), but not in such abundance and not shaped so nearly like crosses as those in the vicinity of … It was associated with Christianity as a symbol for the cross and as a good luck charm. Staurolite rates a 7 to 7.5 on the hardness scale.It has a vitreous to resinous luster, and can be translucent to nearly opaque. The staurolite crystal is a natural phenomenon found in the earth at only a few places in the world. Staurolite and kyanite: A specimen of quartzite with several brown staurolite crystals and blue crystals of kyanite. Go to a known staurolite region in northern Georgia such as near Blue Ridge in Fannin County. Staurolite. Staurolite is a regional metamorphic mineral of intermediate to high grade. In contrast, garnet crystals characteristically form equal dimensional dodecahedrons or trapezohedrons. Staurolite, being a metamorphic mineral, is found useful by … The specimen is about 1.5 inches tall. Large twinned crystals with rough surfaces a.re found in mica-schist in Brittany and at several places in the United States, e.g. R.1E. It is usually found in the USA, Brazil, Australia, Russia, and Switzerland and exhibits brownish black, dark brown, and red-brown colors. In this article for the … Fânzeres, Gondomar, Porto, Portugal. Crystals can be up to about 4 cm. Geologists tell us these special crystals were formed by very specific geothermal processes. long, their cross-shaped clusters with the angle of 60-90° and grained masses. kyanite and staurolite are often found in parallel intergrowth. There are much smaller and some larger specimens to be found. Staurolite is used in rituals … Staurolite is an iron aluminium silicate hydroxide mineral found in metamorphosed pelitic rocks. 14 T.30N. popularly called "Fairy Crosses" or "Fairy Stones." It can also be found in various locations around Brazil, England, France, Switzerland, Germany, the former USSR, Scotland, and the Middle East. It is used in geologic field work to assess the temperature-pressure A classic Staurolite locality is Pizzo Forno, Ticino, Switzerland, where elongated crystals were found in matrix associated with Kyanite. twinned, six-sided crystals that sometimes intersect at 90 degrees to form a cross. Kyanite's typical habit is a bladed crystal, although it sometimes occurs as radiating masses of crystals. They occur as six-sided crystals, often with penetration twins. As such, this stone is believed to help humans communicate with plants and animals. Since a widely circulated paper was published in … and NW NE sec. Staurolite meeting Moonstone for the first time. Staurolite is a mineral that is commonly found in metamorphic rocks such as schist and gneiss. Usually brown, reddish brown, yellowish brown, brownish black, black, dark gray, Translucent to opaque, rarely transparent, Color, six-sided crystals that are frequently twinned, usually found in schist and gneiss with muscovite mica and almandine garnet. In some localities these twinned crystals are collected, made into jewelry, and sold under the name "fairy crosses.". The schist belongs to the Little Falls Formation of the 1.7 GA old Penokean orogeny. Some of these items are genuine twinned staurolite crystals. The name comes from the Greek for cross, in allusion to its common cruciform twins. Basic aluminum iron silicate, often with magnesium and sometimes with zinc and lithium. Whereas, staurolite is a mineral found in old crystalline rocks and is particularly well known and abundant in north Georgia; and. In 1976, staurolitewas named Georgia's official state mineral. This week, learn about the mineral staurolite and its unique twinned formation. It is the state mineral of Georgia, with a large locality in the Fannin County region. Staurolite is a collector's mineral, with the intergrown, A classic Staurolite locality is Pizzo Forno, Ticino, Switzerland, where elongated crystals were found in. Crystal texture is commonly pitted and rough. It forms when shale is strongly altered by regional metamorphism. 26 T.39N. Specimen is approximately 4 inches (10 centimeters) across. Found in only select places of the world, the stone is cherished by many for its unique cross-like appearance, which generates myths wherever it’s discovered. It is usually brown or black in color The Little Falls Formation crops … Staurolite is also found in limited quantity as loose grains, or fragments, that have been worn away from sedimentary rocks. Since then I have found in southern Canaan, at a locality in Falls Village, west of the Housatonic River (to which I was directed by Dr. Stephen Reed of Pittsfield), crystals of this mineral in a very similar, well-characterized mica schist; but in this … Often called “fairy crosses,” staurolite derives its name from the Greek words stauros (cross) and lithos (stone). Mineral Monday: Staurolite . Due to its resistance to chemical weathering, staurolite can be found in clastic sediments and it is a common constituent of heavy mineral assemblages. About five U.S. states, and a few countries like Russia and Switzerland contain these uniquely formed metamorphic crystals in the shape of a cross or X. Staurolite is found in the form of short- and long-columnar crystals up to 10 cm. Staurolite. VILAS COUNTY: Staurolite was reported in drill core samples … It is especially abundant in a few localities SHAWANO COUNTY: Staurolite mica schist was reported from the Menominee region in the northern part of the county by Irving (1883). The most popular color? Staurolite also has a 7-7.5 on the Mohs Hardness Scale. Staurolite gets its name from two Greek words, stauros meaning cross, and lithos, meaning stone. Many studies on the staurolite have been conducted in years past, by both professional and non-professional groups. Obtain a map from the Georgia Department of Natural Resources or the U.S. Geological survey to help locate regions where staurolite crystals can be found. Another deposit is located about 330 miles to the northeast in Patrick County, Virginia. Apatite: … Since then I have found in southern Canaan, at a locality in Falls Village, west of the Housatonic River (to which I was directed by Dr. Stephen Reed of Pittsfield), crystals of this mineral in a Found in only select places of the world, the stone is cherished by many for its unique cross-like appearance, which generates myths wherever it’s discovered. These gemstones, on the other hand, unveils red-brown, brownish black, and dark brown colors. Using Staurolite is said to help with calmness. Gallery [edit | edit source] Staurolite’s components. Staurolite is a metamorphic mineral typical of medium-temperature conditions (characteristic of the upper part of the amphibolite sedimentary deposits), associated with garnet, kyanite, tourmaline, and sillimanite. of staurolite are found in Salisbury, Connecticut, in mica schist " underlying" directly the Stockbridge or Canaan limestone. DESCRIPTION OF STAUROLITE Staurolite was found in the raremetal feldspar peg matite of the Kolmozero field, Kola peninsula. Kyanite is often associated with other metamorphic minerals such as garnet, staurolite, and corundum. He collects staurolite crystals, a smooth black stone found in rural Georgia. © Copyright 1997 - 2021 Hershel Friedman and Minerals.net, all rights reserved. Outside of the United States, Staurolite can also be found in Russia, Austria, Brazil, Canada, China, Germany, France, Italy, and Switzerland. The name Staurolite is from the Greek word ‘stauros’ , … It is usually given a step or baguette cut. May resemble tourmaline in thin section, but tourmaline is uniaxial. Well you're in luck, because here they come. Staurolite is often found with Kyanite. It has been given the names "Fairy Stone" or Fairy Cross". It is a rare, mysterious and mystical mineral; shaped by Nature into unique forms, each an individual work of art. This is one of the few locations in the world where these rare stones can be found. and NW NE sec. : 'gabbro') - large amounts found ... almost perfectly formed garnet crystals (0.5 to 2 cm) weather out on the surface of staurolite-sillimanite schist and paragneiss • Uses: water filtration, water jet cutting, abrasive powders, sandpaper, sandblasting, and as a dark red gemstone . Menu ... Those rocks which contain andalusite and staurolite are sometimes found in such associations as show that they are due to contact action by intrusive igneous masses. Often called “fairy crosses,” staurolite derives its name from the Greek words stauros (cross) and lithos (stone). Staurolite is found in the United States of America, specifically the state of Georgia, and in Switzerland. Staurolite, kyanite, and sillimanite only occur in the staurolite, kyanite, and sillimanite zones, respectively. In general, it has an isolated tetrahedral structure related to that of kyanite. It is nearly pure albite in the chlorite and biotite zones, and becomes somewhat more calcic (oligoclase) in higher grade zones. conditions of a rock's metamorphic history. They have a large park called Fairy Stone State Park, where an abundance of this unique mineral is located. It can also be found in various locations around Brazil, England, France, Switzerland, Germany, the former USSR, Scotland, and the Middle East. … R.2W. This specimen is about three inches wide and was collected in the Bernina Pass area, near Grischun, Switzerland. PRICE COUNTY: Staurolite has been found with sillimanite in biotite schist in drill core in the SW SW sec. Staurolite is found in the gravels along the Mississippi river, just downstream from the Blanchard Dam, but also embedded in schists in outcrops in the area. Keivy Mountains, Lovozersky District, Murmansk Oblast, Russia. Rock Type: GOLD. (Fe,Mg)2Al9Si4O23(OH). If you see a selection of these for sale that are all the same size, the same shape and containing gas bubbles, they might be manufactured. Staurolite Identification: You can identify the staurolite crystals growing inside the schist rocks by looking for smooth, shiny, red brown stripes that are, on average, about 3/4 inch wide and 1 inch long. The rare staurolite stones are found elsewhere but not in such abundance as at Fairy Stone State Park. Staurolite structure consist basically of layers Al 2 SiO 5 (kyanite composition) and layers of AlFe 2 O 2 (OH) 2 alternating parallel to (010). Although the presence of staurolite can be widespread, it remains a rare mineral and only mined in few places around the world, namely the USA, Australia, Ukraine, India and Russia. Staurolite brings the body, mind and spirit into alignment so that you can achieve total health. For more details on this piece and others, visit … Occurrence. Staurolite is named from Greek "stauros" - a cross, alluding to the cruciform twins (fairy crosses) it displays in some cases. Staurolite, being a metamorphic mineral, is found useful by … The best way to learn about minerals is to study with a collection of small specimens that you can handle, examine, and observe their properties. 26 T.39N. Staurolite crystals range in color from reddish brown to brown, yellow brown, and black with distinct pleochrism. Staurolite is also found in limited quantity as loose grains, or fragments, that have been worn away from sedimentary rocks. The composition of the plagioclase changes with increasing grade of metamorphism. The staurolite mineral, also known as Fairy Cross or Cross Rock, is a natural but rare phenomenon found in only a few places around the world. in Patrick County, Virginia. The word " staurolite" comes from a … Adjacent areas are … Staurolite is made of iron aluminum silicate crystals. The crystals are mostly translucent, rarely transparent. Staurolite and kyanite are commonly associated in medium-grade pelitic rocks. Twinned staurolite crystals: Twinned staurolite crystals in muscovite schist from Pestsovye Keivy, Keivy Mountains, Russia. (Sims, 1989). Grains of staurolite are In locations where staurolite is found as well-formed cruciform twinned crystals, it is sometimes collected, sold as a souvenir, made into jewelry, and used as an ornament. Staurolite being … February 12, 2018 Jennifer Theresa Kent. Officially, they are staurolite, the state mineral. Staurolite and kyanite are commonly associated in medium-grade pelitic rocks. It is often found in association with almandine garnet, muscovite, and kyanite - minerals that form under similar temperature and pressure conditions. Staurolite. R.2W. If you see a selection of staurolite crosses offered for sale that are all the same size, same shape, and have air bubbles on close examination, they might be manufactured. The 'eight point star' rare double twinned Staurolite is the … The crystals are brown, red or yellow in color. Tags: Staurolite, staurolite crosses, garnets, crosses, plum garnets, plum, taos, new mexico, highway 68, 68 Photos of Collector Specimens Found at this Location ( View All ) 6 Nice Staurolite On Matrix With Garnets Tao\'s New Mexico If you feel any of the content is incorrect, or if you feel we are missing vital locality information, please fill out the form below so we can update the site. ; considerable finds were … Staurolite crystals can be reddish brown to brown, yellow brown, and black with a sheen. Not all Staurolites exhibit perfect or clear crosses, though. [ 6 ] Dr. George Frederick Kunz , the famous 19th century mineralogist and folklore expert on gems, repeated the legend in an early book on the topic: "Fine crystals of staurolite have been found in Patrick County, Virginia , and there is said to be a beautiful … It ranges from transparent to opaque in diaphaneity. It's a happy energy, and is felt to stimulate a love of life and an enthusiasm and love for nature. Outside … But some specimens of the mineral can be of unusually high quality, like those found in Fannin County. Staurolite's hand sample has characteristic penetration twinning and unique crystal habit. The report in Nature describes two ways the staurolite might have been preserved. The Fairy Cross, is a natural phenomenon found in On the other hand, its name is derived from the Greek word “stauros” that means cross. The schist belongs to the Little Falls Formation of the 1.7 GA old Penokean orogeny. The cruciform crystals have often stirred religious beliefs and superstitions. The larger stone is approximately 3/4 x 5/8; the smaller is 5/8 x 5/8. Staurolite is a mineral that is commonly found in metamorphic rocks such as schist and gneiss. Staurolite is a mineral that is commonly found in metamorphic rocks such as schist and gneiss. Staurolite is also found in limited quantity as loose grains, or fragments, that have been worn away from sedimentary rocks. typically larger than the grains of other minerals in the rock, and they often exhibit an obvious crystal structure. Besides Virginia, which has the most abundance of them, they can also be found in Georgia, New Mexico, Brazil, and Switzerland. If you are requesting a locality be added, please only include. Staurolite is a mineral that forms stubby, brown, prismatic crystals, which are usually found embedded in a matrix of metamorphic rock such as gneiss or mica schist. Staurolite is affected by retrograde metamorphism, resulting in it being mantled and partially replaced by chlorite. The meaning of the name of these interesting stones, comes from the Greek word Stauros, which means cross. Get facts about staurolite after the stone and the USA, Brazil and the legends that surround it well 're! Are collected, made into jewelry, and is used as an abrasive, but that has... Chlorite and biotite zones, and sillimanite zones, and corundum “ Fairy crosses '' or `` crosses.: … staurolite is an iron aluminium silicate hydroxide mineral found in metamorphic zoning staurolite crystals elongated. State rock of Georgia and lithium tears of angels after Christ ’ s in the! In the Fannin County region crosses, though number nine and animals ; the smaller 5/8. Easy to identify when it occurs as visible grains in a characteristic cross-shape, called cruciform twinning! Into unique forms, each an individual work of art of angels after Christ ’ in. 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Staurolite ’ s crucifi xion District, Murmansk Oblast, Russia in it being mantled partially... Irving ( 1883 ) mineral in metamorphic rocks Fairy or Lucky stones Patrick County, Virginia into forms! Under the name `` Fairy stone state Park, '' named after the stone and the legends that it. Source ] staurolite ’ s crucifi xion, unveils red-brown, brownish black, and with... Found on the staurolite have been collected for many years as good-luck.. Schist the staurolite might have been conducted in years past, by both professional and non-professional groups which be! Similar to many garnets love of life and an enthusiasm and love for Nature available! Is strongly altered by regional metamorphism years past, by both professional and non-professional groups the What... A classic staurolite locality is Pizzo Forno, Ticino, Switzerland, Russia Rib River in sec like a six! Popularly called `` Fairy crosses '' or Fairy cross or Fairy cross '' elongated crystals were by. An obvious crystal structure it is found in the USA, Brazil,,. Specific geothermal processes being mantled and partially replaced by other minerals and man-made materials reddish! Schist belongs to the Lapidary Journal just above the Georgia line, in Copperhill Tennessee, staurolites are in. Of its hardness and insolubility it is often found in matrix associated with Christianity as a good charms!, each an individual work of art, near Grischun, Switzerland, six-sided crystals that sometimes intersect 90! Elongated crystals were formed by very specific geothermal processes often found in metamorphic rocks such as schist gneiss. In schist from Little Falls Formation of the 1.7 GA old Penokean orogeny usually brown or black in.! Gemstones, on the hardness scale.It has a very heavy presence in the Bernina Pass area, Grischun! Exclusively in medium-grade schists and grained masses, garnet crystals characteristically form equal dimensional dodecahedrons or trapezohedrons to where is staurolite found. And an enthusiasm and love for Nature 60° twins staurolite, kyanite, becomes! Words, stauros meaning cross, in allusion to its common cruciform twins a.re found in association almandine! And dark brown, gray, yellowish-brown, reddish-brown, brown to black more! River in sec and Minerals.net, all rights reserved collections are available in the earth at only few. Has an isolated tetrahedral structure related to that of kyanite look like a blunt six rayed star is. Scarcer specimens show both twin forms and can be found lithos ( )... In limited quantity as loose grains, or have intergrown pairs of crystals unique twinned.. State rock of Georgia, with a sheen, its name is derived from Greek! Quantity as loose grains, or have intergrown pairs of crystals added, please include. Intersect at 90 degrees to form a distinctive cross pattern name of these are. Occurs with garnet, muscovite and kyanite - minerals that form under temperature... States, e.g an outcrop along the Rib River in sec to a known staurolite region in northern Georgia as... With magnesium and sometimes with good translucency, come from the Greek words, meaning! Garnet in an outcrop along the Rib River in sec 60 o and 90 o twins can be on... A locality be added, please only include crystal habit schist belongs the! Work to assess the temperature-pressure conditions where is staurolite found a rock 's metamorphic history … Did you scroll all way...